When you are picking which languages to write the code for your website in, you must always keep in mind that there is no official best language. So this short synopsis can help you decide which language likely fits your project best.
There are two basic languages that are generally used for all webpages on the internet. These languages are HTML and CSS.
HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is the standard markup language which builds a structure for the page as well as formatting the media and content on a web page. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) helps control and design the way the media and content in the HTML file appear on a web page. These style sheets can control the look of multiple pages at once, allowing a programmer to set definitions for elements on the website, and apply them to multiple pages. However, these two languages alone can only create a static website, which means the page will not change due to interaction. A dynamic website involves other programming languages that fall under two categories. The two categories are client-side and server-side scripting. Client-side scripting is code that is run within a users web browser, where server-side is code that runs on the web servers hosting a website.
Server-side languages are typically used to build databases and manage data on a server. These scripts run on the server and are more secure because there is no source code being temporarily stored on the client’s terminal. PHP is a commonly used language, utilized on approximately 75% of all web servers. PHP is best suited for smaller websites with lower traffic designs. There is also a large community for support and more because it is an open sourced language. Java is the select language for large websites with lots of traffic. Large companies use Java frameworks to manage their websites, these include the Apple app store and Amazon.com. Java is preferable because it outperforms many languages in speed tests, which means the large scale applications can use server based web applications with more efficiency. Ruby is a good option because it increases productivity with short, simple code. The language is different in syntax because there are often many different ways to do the same thing, with some ways being more efficient than others. Ruby is frequently used on high traffic sites like Hulu and Twitter. The bottom line is that your choice of which language to use is personal preference! Set your goals for the website, and decide which requirements your project has, then you can pick which tools to use to create your site!